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Compact fluorescent lamp

Energy-saving lamps with higher efficiency and longer life than incandescent lamps. Available in various sizes and shapes. More expensive than incandescent lamps, but can reduce energy and maintenance costs in the long term.

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Compact fluorescent lamp

The compact fluorescent lamp, also known as compact bulbs, is an energy-saving type of light source that has gained popularity in recent years. It was developed as an alternative to traditional incandescent bulbs, offering longer life and higher efficiency.

Compact fluorescent lamps consist of a compact fluorescent body powered by an electrode system and a ballast. Compared to other light sources, they offer higher light intensity and longer life. In addition, they have lower energy consumption and are therefore particularly suitable for use in public buildings, offices and homes.

However, when using compact fluorescent lamps, it should be noted that they are not suitable for direct connection to mains voltage. A ballast is therefore required to convert the mains voltage to the operating voltage range required for the lamps. It is also important that the lamps are only used in suitable luminaires and lamp sockets, otherwise there is a risk that they will fail too soon or even catch fire.

The RoHS Directive of the European

The RoHS Directive of the European Union regulates the handling of mercury in illuminants. Mercury in light bulbs is banned under this directive, but there are exceptions for certain types of lamps. The EU Commission revised and changed the exemptions in the spring of 2022. This will result in a ban on all T5 and T8 fluorescent lamps from August 25, 2023 and all CFLni lamps from February 25, 2023. However, it is possible to continue to sell and use remaining stock already in storage. This will have a significant impact on the market, so it is important to plan ahead for your needs and order alternative products. We offer a wide range of efficient alternatives and can help with the switch to LED products. However, it may be necessary to take additional steps such as compatibility testing for LED lamps or application-specific lighting design for LED luminaires.

Where are compact fluorescent lamps commonly used?

Compact fluorescent lamps are commonly used indoors, especially in offices, homes and schools. Due to their small size and energy-saving nature, they are a popular choice for use in luminaires that must be mounted in spaces with limited space. They also offer good color rendering and long life, making them an attractive option for lighting spaces.

What are the forms and types of compact fluorescent lamps?

There are several shapes and types of compact fluorescent lamps, varying in size, wattage, and light color. Here are some of the most common types:

Compact fluorescent tubes (KLR): These are compact versions of traditional fluorescent tubes and are available in a variety of lengths.

Integral Compact Flu orescent(ICL): These are compact fluorescent bulbs that already come with a housing and reflector, making them an easy choice for lighting spaces.

Compact fluorescentrods (KLS): these are elongated compact fluorescent lamps designed for use in luminaires with elongated sockets.

Compact Fluorescent Bulbs (KLB): These are spherical compact fluorescent bulbs that fit standard E27 and E14 sockets.

In terms of light color, compact fluorescent bulbs come in different color temperatures, such as warm white, neutral white, and cool white. Therefore, the choice of a certain type of compact fluorescent lamp may depend on the desired light color and application area.

Features of compact fluorescent lamp

Compact fluorescent lamps (also known as energy saving lamps) have several special features compared to traditional incandescent lamps:

Energy efficiency: compact fluorescent lamps are far more energy efficient than incandescent lamps and can save up to 80% energy. They produce much more light for the same output.

Energy efficiency is an important factor when choosing lighting solutions. Using energy-efficient lighting systems such as LED fixtures and compact fluorescent lamps can save energy and therefore reduce electricity costs. The energy efficiency of light sources is determined by the efficiency, i.e. the ratio of the light power emitted to the energy used. A higher efficiency means that more light is produced with less energy. Using energy-efficient lighting systems is not only more cost-effective, but also more environmentally friendly, as they help reduce CO2 emissions and thus contribute to climate protection.

Longer life: Compact fluorescent lamps have a longer life than incandescent lamps and can operate for up to 10,000 hours, depending on quality and usage.

Longer lamp life is another important factor when choosing lighting solutions. Compared to traditional incandescent lamps, modern LED lights and compact fluorescent lamps offer a significantly longer lifespan. Using long-lasting light sources can reduce replacement and maintenance costs. Longer bulb life also helps reduce waste and thus protect the environment. Longer bulb life is an important factor for use in public facilities such as schools, hospitals and offices, where replacing incandescent bulbs or other light sources is costly.

Lower heat generation: compact fluorescent lamps produce less heat than incandescent lamps and can therefore be used in enclosed luminaires without causing overheating.

Another advantage of energy-efficient lighting solutions such as LED luminaires and compact fluorescent lamps is that they generate less heat than conventional incandescent lamps. By using LED technology and electronic ballasts, less energy is emitted in the form of heat. Lower heat generation results in higher energy efficiency and longer bulb life. It also reduces the risk of fire hazards, especially in lighting solutions that must be used for extended periods of time. Lower heat generation is particularly important in environments where temperature sensitivity or control of room temperature is important, such as food storage, medical applications and air-conditioned spaces.

Greater variety of color temperatures: Compact fluorescent lamps come in a wide range of color temperatures, from warm white to daylight white. This allows them to be used as mood or bright lighting, as needed.

Another strength of modern light sources such as LEDs and compact fluorescent lamps is their wider variety of color temperatures compared to traditional incandescent lamps. While incandescent lamps typically produce only warm white light, LED lamps and compact fluorescent lamps can be offered in a wide range of color temperatures, from warm white to cool white. This allows for greater customization to meet individual needs and requirements in different environments and applications. For example, cool white lighting in a work environment can help increase productivity, while warm white lighting in a living area can create a cozy atmosphere.

Mercury content: compact fluorescent lamps contain small amounts of mercury and therefore should not be thrown in household waste. They must be disposed of properly.

One disadvantage of compact fluorescent lamps is the low level of mercury used in their manufacture. This heavy metal can be released into the environment and pose a health risk if the lamps are not disposed of properly. Therefore, it is important to properly dispose of compact fluorescent lamps after use to avoid environmental pollution. However, there are mercury-free alternatives such as LED lamps, which are a more environmentally friendly choice with the same energy efficiency and lifespan.

What should be considered when using compact fluorescent lamps?

Compact fluorescent lamps (CFLs) are one of the most efficient and cost-effective indoor lighting solutions. They offer long life and high light output, making them suitable for a variety of applications.

KLLs can be found in a variety of shapes and sizes, including round and rectangular varieties, as well as different wattages. Some KLLs can also be supplied with special sockets and connectors to facilitate their use in certain luminaires.

When using KLLs, it is important to note that they must meet certain operating requirements. They require special electrical wiring and a suitable operating voltage. In addition, the luminaire into which the KLL is inserted should be approved for the use of KLLs. It is also advisable to observe the recommended number of lamps for the luminaire used to ensure optimum illumination and maximum efficiency.